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Frontpage Feature Articles http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=38&Itemid=41 Mon, 24 Apr 2017 23:02:20 +0000 Joomla! - Open Source Content Management en-gb Native-immigrant conflict in the cities: evidence from Italian refugee-crisis management http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=972:native-immigrant-conflict-in-italy&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=972:native-immigrant-conflict-in-italy&catid=38&Itemid=41

In the “age of immigration' '(Castles and Miller, 2009) human mobility is one of the main change factors of contemporary world, where global interdependence and growing demographic, economic and social imbalances facilitate human movements. It seems particularly evident with the current refugee crisis that is crossing European states and is redefining every sphere of our societies. Following the Arab Spring (2011), at the moment the number of illegal migrants arriving at Italy’s coasts is reaching an unprecedentedly high level because of the deteriorating of security in Syria, Eritrea, Somalia, Iraq, Libya, and more recently, Central African Republic and South Sudan. In 2015, 153,946 migrants arrived in Italy by the Mediterranean Sea. Immigration crises raise several issues for sociologists and criminologists, closely linked to the social inclusion of asylum-seekers and refugees in destination communities and the construction of societies based on mutual recognition and acceptance of differences and, moreover, to the growing feeling of insecurity of populations related to immigration.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (Daniele Ferretti) Frontpage Articles Sat, 10 Dec 2016 17:15:58 +0000
Fighting ISIS: learning from the Irish experience? http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=967:ciaran-mccullagh&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=967:ciaran-mccullagh&catid=38&Itemid=41

The attacks on the civilian population in Paris have once again posed the question of how to respond to terrorism and of how to deal with its perpetrators.  The attacks have focused attention on these issues in a way that similar recent attacks in Beirut, Baghdad, Istanbul, Egypt and Yemen have not, thus exposing the fragile and limited basis of global compassion.  We do not know the names of the people who were killed in the other cities, largely because the Western press does not, generally speaking, name people killed other than in attacks in Europe and the United States.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (Ciaran McCullagh) Frontpage Articles Tue, 05 Jan 2016 14:16:06 +0000
Recovering possibilities – discovering the rich promise of a moral foundation to economy & society http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=965:morality-economy-and-society&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=965:morality-economy-and-society&catid=38&Itemid=41
Speech by Michael D. Higgins, President of Ireland, at the Launch of the Centre for the Study of the Moral Foundations of Economy and Society, a joint enterprise of University College Cork and Waterford Institute of Technology. Royal Irish Academy, Dublin, 13th November 2015

President (Royal Irish Academy), President (University College Cork), Registrar (Waterford Institute of Technology), Members of the Academy,

A chairde,

Tá áthas orm bheith anseo i bhur measc tráthnóna chun an tIonad seo a sheoladh.

I am delighted to be here with you all this afternoon to launch the Centre for the Study of the Moral Foundations of Economy and Society, a joint academic and intellectual venture between University College Cork (UCC) and Waterford Institute of Technology (WIT).

Today’s launch represents in its own way the culmination of a long process that began at a round-table discussion in Áras an Uachtaráin in November 2013, when the idea of creating a structured academic programme dedicated to studying the moral underpinnings of economic and social life was first mentioned.  That suggestion was one of the substantive contributions to the second consultation with the public on some of the major themes I had identified in my Inaugural Address in November 2011.  The first consultation has been on “Being Young and Irish”, and the second consultation was on the theme of the nature and significance of ethics in our lives in the contemporary Ireland.

The meeting at Áras an Uachtaráin at which this idea of a Centre for the Study of Moral Foundations was first raised was one to which I had invited the representatives of all of Ireland’s third level institutions, as well as the Royal Irish Academy, to make their contribution to a national discussion on the values and principles by which we might live together ethically as a society. That meeting was at the very earliest stages of the President of Ireland’s Ethics Initiative – and it is thus especially fitting that one of the final public events of that Initiative will be the launch today of this Centre, a Centre which I regard as a key legacy outcome of the Initiative.

I am very pleased that this project has come to fruition, and  I would like to avail of today’s occasion to commend the vision – and ethical commitment – of all those who have worked with such scholarly dedication and courage to achieve what we can celebrate today. May I thank, in particular, Dr Kieran Keohane, Professor Arpad Szakolczai and Professor Colin Sumner, who run the Centre at UCC, and their colleagues from WIT, Dr Tom Boland, Dr John O’Brien and Dr Ray Griffin.

I am confident that the intellectual work produced by this Centre will contribute in an important way, over the years to come, in tackling the deep injuries inflicted upon our moral imaginations by the extraordinary ascendancy in recent decades of what is an extraordinarily narrow version of economics that has, through abstraction and in an ideological manner, had the effect of severing the ties between economics and its ethical and philosophical sources – except, perhaps, for those ties deriving from some of the extremes within the utilitarian tradition.

]]> c.sumner@ucc.ie (Michael D. Higgins) Frontpage Articles Wed, 18 Nov 2015 16:14:18 +0000 Bareknuckle prize fighter: Danny's story http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=959:bare-knuckle-prize-fighter&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=959:bare-knuckle-prize-fighter&catid=38&Itemid=41

The move from the institutionalised certainty of school into the increasingly uncertain world of work has become a problematic one for many young people in Bauman’s world of liquid modernity.  This is heightened for those working-class kids who are largely denied the traditional routes into adulthood of preceding generations. It is even more acute in a post-industrial northern English town struggling to reinvent itself in the face of over three decades of industrial decay. Like almost all young adults in their late teens and early twenties, Danny, at 19, remained living with his parents in their home on a former council estate.  The estate had been constructed on the fringes of the town in the 1950s in order to provide new housing for those dwelling in cramped and bomb-damaged conditions in the inner city.  It also provided employment for the wartime heroes who returned from the battlefield to the austere Britain of the late 1940's and '50s.

]]> c.sumner@ucc.ie (David Moxon) Frontpage Articles Sun, 12 Jul 2015 17:39:17 +0000 Parkour: preventing crime through urban involvement http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=955:parkour-preventing-crime-through-urban-involvement&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=955:parkour-preventing-crime-through-urban-involvement&catid=38&Itemid=41

Once the square was the vital organ of the City, its very essence and core for the harmony and interaction between citizens. However, in the modern city, the square has been taken over by the consumerist influence of the market, transforming its core into a place no longer dedicated to the exchange of ideas and ideals, but of consumer goods.  Shops, entertainments, transports work tirelessly - bright, active, welcoming and un-resting - offering citizens and visitors the uninterrupted fulfilment of wishes and desires, with an overwhelming assault of surprises, shocks, sales, offers, emotions. Thus metropolitan reality, more progressive than ever, was morphed into a cold, hyper-individualistic, profoundly blasé attitude, where all social interactions and relationships are reduced to simple monetary exchanges. Urban spaces turn into simple areas of passage, resulting in a deep de-individuation and alienation from the surrounding privatized and highly-monitored environment, one that is filled with prohibitory signs and regulations, to which no-one relates to nor feels respect, and one that, without continuous monitoring, turns inevitably to decay and deterioration. Nonetheless there are alternatives: contexts where the energy and dynamism of the citizens is not wasted in consumption but creates instead an environment of interaction, frequency of the square, participative congregation, and an active, natural monitoring and care of common environmental spaces, beyond the commonplace of bivouac and degradation. One of these alternatives is represented by the practice of Parkour.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (Janos Szakolczai) Frontpage Articles Sun, 03 May 2015 12:42:30 +0000
Irish policy review glosses over prison problems http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=950:irish-prison-policy&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=950:irish-prison-policy&catid=38&Itemid=41

In Ireland, a focus on punishment and control among politicians and administrators over the past two decades has left us with a prison system that is a morass. Our prison population is now double what it was in 1995, going from just over 2,000 to about 4,000. Most Irish prisons are too large, overcrowded and dysfunctional; they are very costly warehouses of unacceptable conditions. One would have expected the Strategic Review of Penal Policy (Department of Justice and Equality, 2014)[1], which was launched in September by Minister Frances Fitzgerald, to face up to such issues. This, however, has not happened.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (Kevin Warner) Frontpage Articles Sun, 15 Feb 2015 02:08:55 +0000
"People spit in my face for being Muslim" http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=944:hate-crime-anti-muslim-racism-ireland&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=944:hate-crime-anti-muslim-racism-ireland&catid=38&Itemid=41

“People spit in my face for being Muslim” was a comment made during this research by an Irish Muslim man. “Muhammed is dead" and "go back to your country” were slurs shouted at a Malaysian Muslim girl. These comments in isolation are just two instances of Islamophobia, or as I prefer to call it, anti-Muslim racism; as narrated by people who participated in the study discussed here. In themselves, of course they hardly constitute an evidence base, but the findings presented below offer more insight into hostility towards Muslims in Ireland than the Irish State has on record. As it stands today, the Irish State is blind to anti-Muslim racism as it does not systematically collect data on this phenomenon as a distinct manifestation of racist activity (see, for example, Office for the Promotion of Migrant Integration 2014). Yet as will be demonstrated, there is no question that anti-Muslim racism is a reality for Muslim men, women and children in Ireland.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (James Carr) Frontpage Articles Sun, 14 Sep 2014 23:50:43 +0000
The American 'war' on drugs and the expansion of domestic state power http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=943:us-war-on-drugs-and-state-power&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=943:us-war-on-drugs-and-state-power&catid=38&Itemid=41

‘War’: for years various American administrations have claimed to have waged it on their own people, all in the name of eradicating the evil and menace to society that is drugs. In 1914 Congress passed the Harrison Tax Act which was used to restrict the sale of heroin. Up until that moment the drugs market had gone mostly unregulated and this can be seen as the opening salvo in what would eventually evolve into a full-scale ‘war on drugs’. Now in this the centenary year of the start of the fight against drugs in America, it still seems that no end is in sight. The purpose of this article will be to show how the 'war on drugs' has been turned into a political weapon with which to legitimate the vast expansion of domestic state power. I will argue that the media has been used to create such a fear and panic within the majority of its citizens that the country has now, in the name of this war, gutted its own fourth amendment and introduced racially based profiling and ‘stop and frisk’ police tactics with the most minimal cause. Yet this ‘war’ still seems to be producing no end or even progress.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (Steven Robinson) Frontpage Articles Thu, 28 Aug 2014 00:58:00 +0000
“Knackers” and “baby-murderers”: two social censures in contemporary Irish society http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=935:censure-travellers-abortion&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=935:censure-travellers-abortion&catid=38&Itemid=41

Social censures always appear in the form of the vernacular, are emotive, and evoke knee-jerk reactions.  The application of the derogatory slang term knacker to Irish Travellers, an indigenous nomadic minority ethnic group, is thought to derive from the association that horses have with Traveller culture.  Originally the word knacker was used to describe a person who worked at the “knacker’s yard” where old horses were brought (to be disposed of) when they were no longer useful as working animals.  When the term knacker is used today it is not describing any particular behaviour but is referring to what Travellers represent to settled Irish people – unruly, passionate/irrational, immoral, dangerous “others”.

Meanwhile the Irish social censure of abortion appears to be an expression of cultural disapproval regarding the termination of foetuses in utero which designates women as the focus of blame.  Furthermore this censure is clearly “irredeemably suffused” with patriarchal Catholic ideology, its moral judgements concerning pleasure, desire and sexuality, and especially its condemnation of pregnancy outside marriage, which reflects its political agenda to control Irish society.  This article will examine the social censure of Irish Travellers and the Irish social censure of abortion, in each case outlining how these social censures relate to Irish history and social structure.

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112721565@umail.ucc.ie (Naomi Dowds) Frontpage Articles Sat, 14 Jun 2014 18:50:58 +0000
Censure and motivation: re-balancing criminological theory http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=933:censure-motivation&catid=38&Itemid=41 http://crimetalk.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=933:censure-motivation&catid=38&Itemid=41

Colin Sumner’s obituary for the sociology of deviance captured the criminological zeitgeist of the early twentieth century by drawing attention to a marked transformation on the theoretical side of the discipline. In a wide-ranging work, Sumner pointed to the emergence of a new way of doing criminology, a dramatic change of emphasis that put an entirely different spin on conceptual explanations for criminality. Where the Chicago tradition offered a Durkheimian perspective that located criminality within the transgression of shared social norms, a new generation were less convinced by the idea of monolithic social ideals. In the context of nineteen-sixties counter-culturalism, Sumner identified an increasingly forceful pluralist critique which placed much greater emphasis on the censorious nature of centralised power, hysterical social reactions to perceived deviance and the potential illegitimacy of normative prohibitions.

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c.sumner@ucc.ie (Mark Horsley) Frontpage Articles Sun, 08 Jun 2014 22:49:29 +0000